Is a chronic disorder characterized by levels of glucose (sugar) levels? During digestion the body metabolizes sugars, starches and carbohydrates, turning them into simple sugars, this goes into the bloodstream and with the help of insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas, and glucose is converted into energy that is exploited by cells of the body.
When there is no insulin or when it is not produced effectively, glucose builds up in blood sugar levels rise, it is diabetes.
TYPES OF DIABETES
Diabetes Type I (insulin-dependent) usually appears before age 30. The cells of the pancreas are destroyed by viral or autoimmune causes and the effect of insulin deficiency is severe, increasing blood sugar levels, requiring supplements to their daily insulin treatment.
Diabetes (Non insulin-dependent) is the most common, usually after age 30. Is one in which the pancreas continues to form insulin but below normal levels of insulin, causing blood glucose increase.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
• Polyuria (increased urinary frequency and amount)
• Polydipsia (excessive thirst)
• Polyphagia (excessive appetite)
• Recurrent infections (skin, urinary, etc.).
• Weight loss or weight gain
• Dry mouth
• Visual impairment
CAUSES OF DIABETES
Not precisely known, but there are predisposing factors that cause the disease to develop:
• Physical inactivity
• Family history
• Poor eating habits
These may be acute:
• Hyperglycemic syndrome
• In diabetic patients are very important food hygiene and hygiene.
• Avoid cuts or other kinds of injuries, wash and disinfect it, watch it heal properly so as not to become infected as in diabetic patients is higher risk.
• The weakest point of the diabetic foot due to nerve damage caused by the disease decreases the pain sensation, so that diabetics can not find out they have injured their feet, and there is damage to blood vessels which cause a delay in wound healing, a small ulcer may become gangrenous and require amputation.
• Inspect your feet two or three times a day, make sure there is no redness, bruises, cuts, blisters, cracks, heat, swelling and infection.
• Wash your feet with mild soap and pat dry with every day.
• Keep your feet dry, use talcum powder between your fingers and change your socks often.
• Keep nails short toes and make them straight cuts and reduced, smooth corns, try as soon as athlete’s foot. Do not soak your feet for long periods.
• Losing weight is the number one priority.
• Do not lift weights or do exercises that include pushing or pulling heavy objects, since it raises the blood sugar and blood pressure, which may worsen a diabetic eye disease.
• The diabetic must maintain a pristine dental and oral health. Make more frequent visits to the dentist and all use more careful brushing and flossing to control plaque and tartar.
• Stress and anxiety can disrupt diabetic control. Learn to think positive, improve your outlook.