Diabetic diet is a healthy eating plan that keeps blood sugar level and cholesterol level under control. Diabetic diet must be followed without delay in case of anyone suffering with diabetes. It is good to see that the patient does not get carried away by advertisements of many kinds of food containing starch. The right food items are very much necessary for the treatment of diabetes. As far as possible, they should be selected from the food items having high fiber content. Food plan of diabetic patient is usually planned using the exchange lists. Here we have the list of foods that have the value of exchange units. It is mandatory to remember that food items having low carbohydrate content are less in value of exchange units. As far as possible, it is good to consume the low carb foods. They are useful for reducing weight and risk of cardiovascular disease. The exchange units of different food items vary from one food item to another. They are determined by the carbohydrate and fiber content. In this regard, it is advisable that diabetic patients consult the dieticians who are competent to determine the exchange list for each food item.
The exchange list for fruits
When comparing the exchange list of fruits for diabetic patients, it is good to note that some of the fruits are rich in carbohydrates and fiber content but low in carbohydrates. The value of exchange units of grapes varies from 40 to 50 while those of apples varies from 30 to 40. The exchange list of fruits for diabetic patients may be divided into three groups. The first group contains small fruits like cherries, oranges, grapefruits, bananas, grapes and strawberries. The second group contains medium sized fruits like pineapple, pearsTheiline fruits like kiwi, melons, plum and grapes. The last group includes large fruits like apricots and kiwifruit.
Each food item that is included in the diabetic diet plan should be combined with other foods in order to come up with a well balanced meal. In such a case, it is good to convert the carbohydrates content of one food item into carbohydrates of another food item. Exchanges should be used very carefully in order to avoid nutritional deficiencies. Therefore, it is good to consult the dietician in planning the diet plan of diabetic patients.