The diabetics are the most sufferers of diabetes. More than 17 million people have diabetes and approximately 2 million are undiagnosed, making the diabetic population about equal to the population of Atlanta, GA. The diabetic population is growing at about 1 percent a year. This means that every 3 minutes, there is an additional diabetic. The American Diabetes Association expects the diabetic population to more than double in the next 25 years. So, the need for good diabetes information is greater than ever.
The first thing to know about diabetes is that it is not the same thing as diabetes mellitus, which is a separate condition that is sometimes described as non-insulin dependent diabetes. It is a condition in which the pancreas produces little to no insulin, a hormone that is needed to process blood glucose and absorb energy from food. This deficiency of insulin is caused by a lack of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. A common cause of insulin deficiency is diabetes which occurs in patients not following a diabetic diet. Insulin deficiency can also be caused by a poor diet or in some cases, can be due to drugs. Insulin deficiency can also be caused by certain medications that can impair the body’s ability to process insulin. Diabetes mellitus is the most common type and usually affects children as well as adults.
Type 1 Diabetes, which is also known as juvenile-onset diabetes, or insulin-dependent diabetes, is when the pancreas produces little to no insulin. In this type of diabetes, the body is unable to use the glucose that is obtained from eating and exercise for energy. This is typically treated with insulin injections, but for some, may need insulin pump therapy.
Type 2 diabetes is also referred to as adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin-dependent diabetes. It is the condition in which the body is unable to use the glucose that is obtained from eating and exercise. In this type of diabetes, the body is able to produce insulin, but the body is unable to process the glucose properly. This condition is known to be associated with obesity, and in some cases, polycystic ovary syndrome, a hormonal imbalance that may be caused by excessive physical activity.
Type 3 diabetes is the condition in which the body is unable to produce insulin, but is able to process glucose. In this case, the body is unable to produce insulin, which means that insulin injections will be needed to treat the condition.
Diabetes treatment will focus on the maintenance of blood glucose levels, in an attempt to maintain a normal fasting blood glucose level. In the case of some people who have multiple risk factors for diabetes, it is important to test the fasting blood glucose levels periodically to ensure that the levels are in the normal range. In addition, diabetes will be treated with insulin, either injected or taken orally.